|pygame.key.get_focused||-||true if the display is receiving keyboard input from the system|
|pygame.key.get_pressed||-||get the state of all keyboard buttons|
|pygame.key.get_mods||-||determine which modifier keys are being held|
|pygame.key.set_mods||-||temporarily set which modifier keys are pressed|
|pygame.key.set_repeat||-||control how held keys are repeated|
|pygame.key.get_repeat||-||see how held keys are repeated|
|pygame.key.name||-||get the name of a key identifier|
This module contains functions for dealing with the keyboard.
The event queue gets pygame.KEYDOWN and pygame.KEYUP events when the keyboard buttons are pressed and released. Both events have a key attribute that is a integer id representing every key on the keyboard.
The pygame.KEYDOWN event has an additional attributes unicode, and scancode. unicode represents a single character string that is the fully translated character entered. This takes into account the shift and composition keys. scancode represents the platform specific key code. This could be different from keyboard to keyboard, but is useful for key selection of weird keys like the multimedia keys.
There are many keyboard constants, they are used to represent keys on the keyboard. The following is a list of all keyboard constants
KeyASCII ASCII Common Name K_BACKSPACE \b backspace K_TAB \t tab K_CLEAR clear K_RETURN \r return K_PAUSE pause K_ESCAPE ^[ escape K_SPACE space K_EXCLAIM ! exclaim K_QUOTEDBL " quotedbl K_HASH # hash K_DOLLAR $ dollar K_AMPERSAND & ampersand K_QUOTE quote K_LEFTPAREN ( left parenthesis K_RIGHTPAREN ) right parenthesis K_ASTERISK * asterisk K_PLUS + plus sign K_COMMA , comma K_MINUS - minus sign K_PERIOD . period K_SLASH / forward slash K_0 0 0 K_1 1 1 K_2 2 2 K_3 3 3 K_4 4 4 K_5 5 5 K_6 6 6 K_7 7 7 K_8 8 8 K_9 9 9 K_COLON : colon K_SEMICOLON ; semicolon K_LESS < less-than sign K_EQUALS = equals sign K_GREATER > greater-than sign K_QUESTION ? question mark K_AT @ at K_LEFTBRACKET [ left bracket K_BACKSLASH \ backslash K_RIGHTBRACKET ] right bracket K_CARET ^ caret K_UNDERSCORE _ underscore K_BACKQUOTE ` grave K_a a a K_b b b K_c c c K_d d d K_e e e K_f f f K_g g g K_h h h K_i i i K_j j j K_k k k K_l l l K_m m m K_n n n K_o o o K_p p p K_q q q K_r r r K_s s s K_t t t K_u u u K_v v v K_w w w K_x x x K_y y y K_z z z K_DELETE delete K_KP0 keypad 0 K_KP1 keypad 1 K_KP2 keypad 2 K_KP3 keypad 3 K_KP4 keypad 4 K_KP5 keypad 5 K_KP6 keypad 6 K_KP7 keypad 7 K_KP8 keypad 8 K_KP9 keypad 9 K_KP_PERIOD . keypad period K_KP_DIVIDE / keypad divide K_KP_MULTIPLY * keypad multiply K_KP_MINUS - keypad minus K_KP_PLUS + keypad plus K_KP_ENTER \r keypad enter K_KP_EQUALS = keypad equals K_UP up arrow K_DOWN down arrow K_RIGHT right arrow K_LEFT left arrow K_INSERT insert K_HOME home K_END end K_PAGEUP page up K_PAGEDOWN page down K_F1 F1 K_F2 F2 K_F3 F3 K_F4 F4 K_F5 F5 K_F6 F6 K_F7 F7 K_F8 F8 K_F9 F9 K_F10 F10 K_F11 F11 K_F12 F12 K_F13 F13 K_F14 F14 K_F15 F15 K_NUMLOCK numlock K_CAPSLOCK capslock K_SCROLLOCK scrollock K_RSHIFT right shift K_LSHIFT left shift K_RCTRL right ctrl K_LCTRL left ctrl K_RALT right alt K_LALT left alt K_RMETA right meta K_LMETA left meta K_LSUPER left windows key K_RSUPER right windows key K_MODE mode shift K_HELP help K_PRINT print screen K_SYSREQ sysrq K_BREAK break K_MENU menu K_POWER power K_EURO euro
The keyboard also has a list of modifier states that can be assembled bit bitwise ORing them together.
KMOD_NONE, KMOD_LSHIFT, KMOD_RSHIFT, KMOD_SHIFT, KMOD_CAPS, KMOD_LCTRL, KMOD_RCTRL, KMOD_CTRL, KMOD_LALT, KMOD_RALT, KMOD_ALT, KMOD_LMETA, KMOD_RMETA, KMOD_META, KMOD_NUM, KMOD_MODE
This is true when the display window has keyboard focus from the system. If the display needs to ensure it does not lose keyboard focus, it can use pygame.event.set_grab() to grab all input.
Returns a sequence of boolean values representing the state of every key on the keyboard. Use the key constant values to index the array. A True value means the that button is pressed.
Getting the list of pushed buttons with this function is not the proper way to handle text entry from the user. You have no way to know the order of keys pressed, and rapidly pushed keys can be completely unnoticed between two calls to pygame.key.get_pressed(). There is also no way to translate these pushed keys into a fully translated character value. See the pygame.KEYDOWN events on the event queue for this functionality.
Returns a single integer representing a bitmask of all the modifier keys being held. Using bitwise operators you can test if specific shift keys are pressed, the state of the capslock button, and more.
Create a bitmask of the modifier constants you want to impose on your program.
When the keyboard repeat is enabled, keys that are held down will generate multiple pygame.KEYDOWN events. The delay is the number of milliseconds before the first repeated pygame.KEYDOWN will be sent. After that another pygame.KEYDOWN will be sent every interval milliseconds. If no arguments are passed the key repeat is disabled.
When pygame is initialized the key repeat is disabled.
When the keyboard repeat is enabled, keys that are held down will generate multiple pygame.KEYDOWN events. The delay is the number of milliseconds before the first repeated pygame.KEYDOWN will be sent. After that another pygame.KEYDOWN will be sent every interval milliseconds.
When pygame is initialized the key repeat is disabled.
New in pygame 1.8.
Get the descriptive name of the button from a keyboard button id constant.